In Kansas City, Restaurant Revitalization Funds Flowed to Whiter, More Affluent Areas
Published August 18th, 2021 at 2:15 PM
The COVID-19 pandemic pushed Nika Cotton to leave her job in social work and open Soulcentricitea last July. But it was risky opening the coffee and tea shop during a pandemic, at a time when other small businesses were shutting their doors.
Located along 30th Street and Troost Avenue, the tea shop wasn’t eligible for any Payment Protection Program loans because it wasn’t open before the pandemic began. Cotton couldn’t get a loan from a bank.
This spring, she heard about the Small Business Administration’s Restaurant Revitalization Fund and its plans to provide grants to restaurants and businesses like hers.
Soulcentricitea was eligible. Cotton applied immediately.
“I thought it was a guarantee,” she said. “Like, you apply, you send the financials, you’re guaranteed to get this money.”
But in late June, Cotton received an email that the program was closing. All the money had been awarded. Soulcentricitea never received a grant.
“It was very frustrating to fill that out and be like, ‘OK, well, maybe I’m gonna have this money come in soon, and I can kind of use some of that for the lease,’” Cotton said. “Especially being a pandemic, every penny is significant.”
The Restaurant Revitalization Fund, first established in April with $28.6 billion in funding, offered eligible businesses grants of up to $10 million to offset revenue lost because of the pandemic.
But on July 2 — about two months after launching — the program closed. The funding ran out.
As of June 30, the program had received 278,000 applications for a total of about $72.2 billion in requested funding — far beyond the program’s capacity.
In Kansas City, Missouri, 187 businesses received Restaurant Revitalization Fund grants. The list includes restaurant franchises, bars, breweries, barbecue joints and more. In total, Kansas City businesses received more than $53 million in funding.
When the Restaurant Revitalization Fund first launched, it intended to prioritize minority- and women-owned businesses. Applications from women, veterans and members of socially and economically disadvantaged groups were supposed to be reviewed within the program’s first 21 days.
But a Beacon analysis of grants awarded in Kansas City found that those groups did not necessarily receive preference. Of the 187 grants awarded:
- 63 businesses identified as women-owned.
- 11 businesses identified as veteran-owned.
- 49 businesses are classified as being socially and economically disadvantaged. The SBA defines this as a business that is at least 51% owned by one or more individuals who are socially and economically disadvantaged, such as members of racial minority groups.
- 72 businesses are located in low- to median-income areas.
When Cotton heard about the initial goals, she thought she would get the funding.
“That’s really disappointing that they switched that up after they kind of advertised it as trying to help,” she said. “Because we need it.”
The initial goal of prioritizing minority and disadvantaged businesses was upended by several lawsuits filed by white business owners backed by conservative legal groups. They contended the policy discriminated against white males.
Troost Divide Shows Up in Restaurant Revitalization Funds
Disparities among Restaurant Revitalization Fund grantees skew along geographic lines in Kansas City. Data shows that dollars flowed predominantly to businesses located in the city’s more commercial, affluent areas, like midtown, downtown and the Northland.
Of the 10 local businesses that received grants of more than $1 million, a majority are located either downtown or in midtown.
In contrast, few businesses east of Troost Avenue, a historic racial and economic dividing line in Kansas City, received a grant.
Decades of redlining, discriminatory housing policies and disinvestment have contributed to higher rates of poverty and a decline in Black-owned businesses east of Troost.
“These policies are continuing that history of disinvestment in this area and investment in these other areas,” Cotton said. “So it’s very unfair, very unjust.”
For Cotton, who was born and raised in Kansas City, opening Soulcentricitea on Troost was intentional. She wants Soulcentricitea to be a place where Black people feel comfortable, especially as Troost develops.
“We’re starting to see more investment where there’s historically not been investment here,” she said. “It’s important for that investment to look like us.”
That’s also a goal of a new local nonprofit, Generating Income for Tomorrow.
GIFT was established in May 2020 to provide grants to Black-owned businesses located east of Troost Avenue.
“Our target is the people on the east side,” said co-founder and CEO Brandon Calloway. “And our vehicle is Black business growth and expansion.”
GIFT is funded primarily through individual donations, with a few corporate donations. In its first year, GIFT provided $227,000 in grants to 14 businesses. The organization provides grants of $10,000, $25,000 or $50,000. GIFT also provides businesses with pro-bono legal consulting and marketing services for one year, Calloway said.
Soulcentricitea received a grant from GIFT.
“That’s really helped me to kind of keep afloat, because it’s been really rough,” Cotton said.
Calloway is not surprised that few businesses east of Troost received help from the Restaurant Revitalization Fund. It happens all the time, he said.
“It is a strong reinforcement of the current divide that we have in place, and of the status quo,” Calloway said.
Even when government programs seek to prioritize minority-owned businesses, Calloway said the blame will fall on Black-owned businesses for not participating. But it’s harder for Black businesses that are solo entrepreneurships or microenterprises to access the resources to apply to grant programs like the Restaurant Revitalization Fund, he said.
“They weren’t set up to be in a position where books were what the banks specifically were looking for,” he said. “For them to be able to get the best support.”
Other Businesses That Didn’t get Funding
Rafi Chaudry, CEO of Torn Label Brewing Co., a brewery in Kansas City, applied to the Restaurant Revitalization Fund on the first possible day.
The application was still under review when the SBA announced the closing of the fund in July.
The company was never notified that its application was denied, Chaudry said. But Torn Label never received a grant from the program.
Chaudry said he’d hoped to use the grant money for rent and other costs.
“You kind of start to feel regret that you were optimistic about it for such a time,” he said.
Chaudry tries to not feel bitter. Still, he said it’s frustrating to see wealthier restaurants — ones with better finances and more capital to weather a pandemic — benefit from the program.
“That amount of decreased income might mean less executive bonuses, as opposed to small businesses, where it’s the difference between keeping your doors open,” he said. “In both cases, it’s a case of decreased revenue. For some businesses, it means more.”
How Businesses Used the Money
For local businesses that received a grant, the money helped to pay rent and staff.
Cocktail bar Julep in Westport received $436,968 from the Restaurant Revitalization Fund in May. Owner and founder Keely Edgington said it was a relief.
“I kept thinking it would get taken away for some reason. That’s just the kind of year we’ve had, though,” she said. “… It’s the only thing that’s going to keep Julep open.”
Blip Coffee Roasters in the West Bottoms received $181,674 from the revitalization fund. The news surprised owner Ian Davis and his team, who had expected that minority- and women-owned businesses would get priority.
“It allowed us to reopen the business with a better trajectory than what we had before,” Davis said.
But Davis, who is white, said the disparities in aid are unfair to minority-owned businesses.
He sees a need for better access to information.
“The playing field definitely needs to be leveled so that everybody can have access to these things,” Davis said.
Meanwhile, Cotton at Soulcentricitea is continuing to look for grants. She keeps checking the SBA website for updates on renewing the Restaurant Revitalization Fund.
She is “hoping that maybe they open the fund back up again, and maybe do what they said they were going to do and prioritize Black, women-owned businesses,” she said.
Celisa Calacal covers economics and civic engagement issues for The Beacon, an online news outlet based in Kansas City focused on local, in-depth journalism in the public interest.